sentences). About one-third read at the 2nd to 6th- grade level, one-third at the 7th to 12th-grade level, and one-third at the 13th17th grade level. A b Coleman,. "Measuring another dimension of newspaper readership." Journalism quarterly 24:293306. Ames, Iowa: University of Iowa Press. I Painter published a formula for measuring the vocabulary burden of textbooks. Higher readability eases reading effort and speed for any reader, but it is especially important for those who do not have high reading comprehension. The Lexile framework edit In 1988, Jack Stenner and his associates at MetaMetrics, Inc. Columbus, OH: Bureau of Educational Research, Ohio State University. 40 By 1940, investigators had: Successfully used statistical strapon homoseksuell escort pule kontakt methods to analyze reading ease Found that unusual words and sentence length were among the first causes of reading difficulty Used vocabulary and sentence length in formulas to predict reading ease Popular readability formulas edit The Flesch. Until computers came along, word frequency lists were the best aids for grading reading ease of texts.